亚博绑定银行卡有危险吗3gpp, 3rd generation partnership project is an industry collaboration that manages the standards for the on-going mobile communications systems.
亚博绑定银行卡有危险吗the name implies that it was an organisation focussed in 3g umts technology, and this was how it started. since its inception, 3gpp has also taken on the gsm standards as well as those for 4g lte, and now 5g.
3gpp, 3rd generation partnership project manages a variety of standards, and essentially it looks after the standards that have come out of gsm and umts. these include:
- GSM and related 2G / 2.5G standards including GPRS and EDGE.
- UMTS and related 3G standards including HSPA
- LTE and related 4G standards
- An evolved IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) developed in an access independent manner
- 5G standards
although 3gpp is effectively a summation of a large number of organisations, it does have a headquarters and some permanent staff.
the 3gpp support team which is more correctly known as the mobile competence centre is located within the offices of the european telecommunications standards institute, etsi which is sophia-antipolis, near nice in southern france.
3GPP organisational partners
亚博绑定银行卡有危险吗3gpp has a set of what are termed organisational partners. these are essentially regional standards institutions.
亚博绑定银行卡有危险吗these organisational partners determine the general policy and strategy of 3gpp as well as undertaking a number of other specific tasks.
|3GPP Organizational Partners
|ARIB||Association of Radio Industries and Businesses||Japan|
|ATIS||Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions||USA|
|CCSA||China Communications Standards Association||China|
|ETSI||European Telecommunications Standards Institute||Europe|
|TSDI||Telecommunications Standards Development Society India||India|
|TTA||Telecommunications Technology Association||Korea|
|TTC||Telecommunication Technology Committee||Japan|
3GPP Market Representation Partners
in addition to the 3gpp organizational partners, there is also a set of 3gpp market representation partners who can be invited by the organizational partners to take part in 3gpp activities.
the 3gpp market representation partners provide a valuable service on topics including market consensus for requirements. with assembling and assessing the requirements being a major area of developing a new standard like 5g, looking at what is required is a very important element of the function of 3gpp.
however these 3gpp market representation partners do not have the capability and authority to define or publish standards within the 3gpp scope.
these 3gpp market representation partners include:
|3GPP Market Representation Partners
|TD SCDMA Industry Alliance|
|Small Cell Forum (formerly Femto Forum)|
|CDMA Development Group|
|Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI)|
|Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN)|
|TETRA and Critical Communications Association (TCCA)|
in order to represent industry and to have the ability to represent those developing further mobile communications standards, 3gpp needs to have links with many areas of industry. it takes representation from the major industry organisations as well as from the major companies developing the technology as well as user groups and the like.
at its inception, 3gpp was very european-centric, but over the years, 3gpp has grown in stature and recognition and is now recognised as the main body for the development of further mobile telecommunications standards as demonstrated by the fact that it is responsible for the 5g standards.
Wireless & Wired Connectivity Topics:
Mobile Communications basics 2G GSM 3G UMTS 4G LTE 5G WiFi IEEE 802.15.4 DECT cordless phones NFC- Near Field Communication Networking fundamentals What is the Cloud Ethernet Serial data USB SigFox LoRa VoIP SDN NFV
Return to Wireless & Wired Connectivity